Personal Data Protection Inside and Out

Integrating Data Protection Requirements in the Data Lifecycle

  • Clément Labadie Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Christine Legner Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Keywords: Data lifecycle, Data protection, Personal data, Regulatory compliance


Personal data is increasingly positioned as a valuable asset. While individuals generate and expose ever-expanding volumes of personal information online, certain tech companies have built their business models on the personal data they gather. In this context, lawmakers are revising data protection regulations in order to provide individuals with enhanced rights and set new rules regarding the way corporations collect, manage, and share personal information. We argue that recent data protection regulatory frameworks such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) are fundamentally about data management. Yet, there have been no attempts to analyze the regulations in terms of their implications on the data life cycle. In this paper, we systematically analyze the GDPR and the CCPA, and identify their implications on the data life cycle. To synthesize our findings, we propose a semi-formal notation of the resulting changes on the personal data life cycle, in the form of a process and data model governed by business rules, consolidated in a reference personal data life cycle model for data protection. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents one of the first attempts to provide a data-centric view on data protection regulatory requirements.

Special Issue on Privacy in IS Design