Designing a Flipped Classroom Course – A Process Model


  • Kristin Vogelsang Osnabrueck University
  • Alena Droit Osnabrueck University
  • Kirsten Liere-Netheler Osnabrueck University



Flipped Classroom • Course Development • Project Management • Process Model • Checklist • Business Process Model and Notation • Inductive Reference Model


Digital learning has become more than just a trend in the modern world. Blended learning concepts are well established in different areas of application. An important concept in this domain is the so-called flipped classroom (FC). This approach repurposes class time to focus on application and discussion, while the acquisition of basic knowledge will happen at home, enabled by online lectures. In the past, research demonstrated and discussed the advantages of flipped classroom concepts within case studies. Still, standardized guidelines for the development of flipped classrooms are rare. However, it is necessary to learn from the past to improve future education. Thus, we analyzed reviews on flipped classroom research and used these to inductively develop a reference process model for the realization of flipped classroom concepts. The model is based on phases taken from project management, which help to structure the process and associated tasks. The results present the process model shown in Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) and applicable checklists for the development of a FC course. The process model was applied and evaluated during the implementation of a flipped classroom at a university. Future research should
concentrate on evaluation of the model as well as a deeper elaboration of upcoming roles and their tasks in order to derive further guidance for teachers and organizations.






Research Article